2016年3月26日 星期六

Dustin解題: [SC] OG SC 16 (2)

原文發表於PTT GMAT版

※ 引述《MrDd (Yeah Panda)》之銘言:
※ 引述《danyuchn (Javy)》之銘言:兩者都可以。但是要怎麼決定是哪個呢?要看剩餘部分的句意。讓我們來看完整題目:

Rising inventories,/when unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead/ to production cutbacks that would hamper economic growth.

A)When unaccompanied correspondingly by increases in sales, can lead

B)When not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, possibly leads

E) If not accompanied by corresponding increases in sales, can lead
句意上,看到corresponding(相應的、一致的),就知道兩邊應該要有性質上的對應,所以若像這三個選項寫的是相應的increases in sales(銷售額的增加,重點在「增加」這個動作)
那另一邊的Rising inventories就應該當做一件事情的動名詞(存貨的提昇)這樣才是動作對應動作(相應的)


D)If not accompanied by correspondingly increased sales, possibly leads
而若像是這個選項,increased sales(增加的銷售額重點在「銷售額」)那麼另一邊的Rising inventories我們就要視為「上升的存貨」這樣才是銷售額對應存貨(相應的)
所以這個選項會刪掉,除了靠possibly改變句意外,還可以靠先判斷出主詞Rising inventories是複數,排除leads。


C)When they were unaccompanied by corresponding sales increases, can lead
這個選項不討論,沒有這樣用的。
Thanks Dustin!

Quick questions -
1. Just to confirm - 如您的解釋,本題應作動名詞 (rising inventories)這件事對應 increases in sales 較為合理?


對啊 句意上動作對動作 才有「對應」的意思~

2. 您的每日一題講解中提到when/if的差別,但when也有同時發生的意思,想請問根據本題句意,rising inventories, when not accompanied with increases in sales -rising inventories 和 increases in sales 同時發生也合理? 這樣的想法是口語用法的錯誤嗎?

所以要讀句意。你覺得他比較像是在敘述一個故事呢?還是在敘述一個條件下的狀況?

3. possibly leads vs. can lead: 如您的講解提到,假設語氣if子句後面通常用 would and could 來表達可能情況,本題題目講的是一個假設的情況 (rising inventories沒有真正發生),用can lead是否過於肯定? possibly leads 反而較符合句意表達其假設情況的可能性?

沒有這種情況,別多想。

Thanks again for your help!