2011年2月20日 星期日

CR_OG12-102 難題解析


文章日期:2011-02-20 16:31
OG12-CR-102.(假設題型)新題
Theater Critic: The play La Finestrina, now at Central Theater, was written in Italy in the eighteenth century. The director claims that this production is as similar to the original production as is possible in a modern theater. Although the actor who plays Harlequin the clown gives a performance very reminiscent of the twentieth-century American comedian Groucho Marx, Marx's comic style was very much within the comic acting tradition that had begun in sixteenth-century Italy.

The considerations given best serve as part of an argument that


(A)         modern audiences would find it hard to tolerate certain characteristics of a historically accurate performance of an eighteenth-century play
(B)         Groucho Marx once performed the part of the character Harlequin in La Finestrina
(C)         in the United States the training of actors in the twentieth century is based on principles that do not differ radically from those that underlay the training of actors in eighteenth-century Italy
(D)        the performance of the actor who plays Harlequin in La Finestrina does not serve as evidence against the director's claim
(E)         the director of La Finestrina must have advised the actor who plays Harlequin to model his performance on comic performances of Groucho Marx

以下是節錄自Kaplan tutor的看法:


Step one of the Kaplan method tells us to read the question stem, and then to determine the kind of question that it is. The question stem:

“The considerations given best serve as part of an argument that”

Okay, so there are considerations given (by the author) leading up to an argument. The “considerations given” is evidence, and the question wants us to determine the author’s main point, or conclusion. We call this type of question a “main point” question.

Step two is to analyze the stimulus: Normally, we identify a conclusion by looking for words like “thus, therefore, hence, etc.” .... BUT, in a main point question, we actually don’t want to be attracted by those kind of words-they are put there by the test-maker because they know you will naturally be attracted to them in a main point question.

Instead, in a main point question, the author’s main point will often be signalled by a contrast keyword such as “but,” “however,” “while,” or, “although.” 
In the passage of this question, we learn of the director’s claim in the second sentence. The director’s claim is that their reproduction of the play is a lot like the original play. The next sentence starts with the word “although.” Here, the function of “although” is to dismiss potential counter-evidence against the director’s claim: the fact that the actor is like 20th century Groucho Marx could be used against the director’s claim (that the reproduction is a faithful representation of the original 16th century version.)

So from the word “although,” and using some critical reasoning, we can determine that the author’s intent in arguing is to defend the director’s claim against evidence that could go against it (against the director’s claim).

Step three of the method is to make a prediction of the right answer. Say to yourself: “The author is defending the director. The author’s main point is that the director’s claim is correct.”

Step four is to aggressively scan for a match to the prediction. Because we spent so much time generating the prediction, and because we don’t care about wrong answers and why they are wrong, we scan for a choice that matches our insight.

Then, choice D is correct.

A2解析:

上面的解析的確給了although功用很好的觀點畢竟有結論句的題型方向還是重點, 這題結論句寫法是以暗示方式表達作者的立場, 所以方向要選對director's cliam正向的答案, D選項用does not及against有負負得正的概念.

其實另外以這題出題模式來分析, 比較像是斷橋型的概念, the actor who plays Harlequin the clown讀者第一次看到的時候很難認定跟前面的題幹資訊產生關聯, 也就是出現了新資訊, 答案其實就是在建立director's cliam和Harlequin兩者資訊是有關聯的斷橋關係