9. Astronauts who experience weightlessness frequently get motion sickness. The astronauts see their own motion relative to passing objects, but while the astronauts are weightless their inner ears indicate that their bodies are not moving. The astronauts’ experience is best explained by the hypothesis that conflicting information received by the brain about the body’s motion causes motion sickness.
這是因果類型的結論句: conflicting information(視覺好像有在動, 聽覺暗示沒在動) --- motion sickness
Which one of the following, if true, provides the strongest additional support for the hypothesis above?
(A) During rough voyages ship passengers in cabins providing a view of the water are less likely to get motion sickness than are passengers in cabins providing no view. 無關比較
這是類比的的有因有果: 旅客於航行中的船看水面移動(conflicting information視覺好像自己有移動, 但是其實沒有移動) --- 比較容易引起motion sickness
這個有在正確答案的模式裡, 多想一下, 注意結論句若是因果類型是允許類比的
(B) Many people who are experienced airplane passengers occasionally get motion sickness.(C) Some automobile passengers whose inner ears indicate that they are moving and who have a clear view of the objects they are passing get motion sickness.(D) People who have aisle seats in trains or airplanes are as likely to get motion sickness as are people who have window seats.(E) Some astronauts do not get motion sickness even after being in orbit for several days.