2010年6月3日 星期四

SC_GWD-24-Q28

文章日期:2010-06-03 17:16
Unlike most severance packages, which require workers to stay until the last day scheduled to collect, workers at the automobile company are eligible for its severance package even if they find a new job before they are terminated.

(A)the last day scheduled to collect, workers at the automobile company are eligible for its severance package

(B)the last day they are scheduled to collect, workers are eligible for the automobile company's severance package

(C)their last scheduled day to collect, the automobile company offers its severance package to workers

(D)their last scheduled day in order to collect, the automobile company's severance package is available to workers

(E)the last day that they are scheduled to collect, the automobile company's severance package is available to workers
Sudhan wrote:
(E)the last day that they are scheduled to collect, the automobile company's severance package is available to workers




the problem here is ambiguity:
possible interpretation #1 = what it's supposed to mean
possible interpretation #2 = they're scheduled to collect (note that's one piece) on multiple different collection days, and they have to wait until the last of those collection days for ... something to happen

no such ambiguity exists in d.

Sudhan wrote:
Also, their refers to workers in D which is correct. In E they may refer to severance packages or workers.


not an issue here: 'they' and 'their' have exactly the same possible antecedents. so apparently this is good enough to refer to 'workers' in either choice.
remember, if you have the same pronoun 'issue' in all of the answer choices (or at least in all the choices that have a fighting chance of being correct), then it's not really an issue at all.
tankobe wrote:
in the option C:
1# packages (which) require workers to stay until the last scheduled day to collect[them]
we don't need 'them'.
however, i have met a question in which the pronoun must be showed:
2# Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice was probably buried to keep it from being stolen by invaders.

why?
i have heard that 3# will also be OK:
3# Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice was probably buried to be kept from being stolen by invaders.
and what about the following too sentence?
4# Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice was probably buried to protect it .
5# Archaeologists in Ireland believe that a recently discovered chalice was probably buried to be protected.


as for your first question, i don't think this is any sort of generalizable feature; it's more a function of the fact that you are allowed to use "collect" as an intransitive verb (i.e., a verb that doesn't have an object). in other words, in situations like this, you can just say "they collected" without having to follow the verb "collected" with an object.

what's the source of this new question that you're posting? without the source, it's really not possible for us to go into much detail about the question.
i can, however, tell you that the idiomatic usage of "keep from", without an object, is strictly reflexive -- i.e., it only applies to the actual subject of the action.
for instance,
i wrapped the blanket around myself to keep from getting cold.
since the chalice is clearly not the agent of the action in this case, you can't use that construction.